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Rachita, H.R. and Nagarajaram, H.A. (2015) Molecular principles of human virus protein-protein interactions. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 31 (7). pp. 1025-33. ISSN 1367-4811

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Viruses, from the human protein-protein interaction network perspective, target hubs, bottlenecks and interconnected nodes enriched in certain biological pathways. However, not much is known about the general characteristic features of the human proteins interacting with viral proteins (referred to as hVIPs) as well as the motifs and domains utilized by human-virus protein-protein interactions (referred to as Hu-Vir PPIs). Our study has revealed that hVIPs are mostly disordered proteins, whereas viral proteins are mostly ordered proteins. Protein disorder in viral proteins and hVIPs varies from one subcellular location to another. In any given viral-human PPI pair, at least one of the two proteins is structurally disordered suggesting that disorder associated conformational flexibility as one of the characteristic features of virus–host interaction. Further analyses reveal that hVIPs are (i) slowly evolving proteins,(ii) associated with high centrality scores in human-PPI network, (iii) involved in multiple pathways, (iv) enriched in eukaryotic linear motifs (ELMs) associated with protein modification, degradation and regulatory processes, (v) associated with high number of splice variants and (vi) expressed abundantly across multiple tissues. These aforementioned findings suggest that conformational flexibility, spatial diversity, abundance and slow evolution are the characteristic features of the human proteins targeted by viral proteins. Hu-Vir PPIs are mostly mediated via domain–motif interactions (DMIs) where viral proteins employ motifs that mimic host ELMs to bind to domains in human proteins. DMIs are shared among viruses belonging to different families indicating a possible convergent evolution of thesemotifs to help viruses to adopt common strategies to subvert host cellular pathways.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Availability and implementation: Hu-Vir PPI data, DDI and DMI data for human–virus PPI can be downloaded from http://cdfd.org.in/labpages/computational_biology_datasets.html.
Subjects: Computational Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 14 May 2015 19:04
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2016 04:36
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/19

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