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Radha Rama Devi, A. and Ramesh, V.A. and Nagarajaram, H.A. and Satish, S.P.S. and Jayanthi, U. and Lingappa, L. (2016) Spectrum of mutations in Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene in glutaric aciduria type I – Study from South India. Brain and Development, 38 (1). pp. 54-60. ISSN 0387-7604

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BACKGROUND: Glutaric aciduria type I is an autosomal recessive organic acid disorder. The primary defect is the deficiency of Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC number enzyme that is involved in the catabolic pathways of the amino acids l-lysine, l-hydroxylysine, and l-tryptophan. It is a treatable neuro-metabolic disorder. Early diagnosis and treatment helps in preventing brain damage. METHODS: The Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene (GCDH) gene was sequenced to identify disease causing mutations by direct sequencing of all the exons in twelve patients who were biochemically confirmed with GA I. RESULTS: We identified eleven mutations of which nine are homozygous mutations, one heterozygous and two synonymous mutations. Among the eleven mutations, four mutations p.Q162R, p.P286S, p.W225X in two families and p.V410M are novel. A milder clinical presentation is observed in those families who are either heterozygous or with a benign synonymous SNP. Multiple sequence alignment (MSA) of GCDH with its homologues revealed that the observed novel mutations are not tolerated by protein structure and function. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates genetic heterogeneity in GCDH gene mutations among South Indian population. Genetic analysis is useful in prenatal diagnosis and prevention. Mutation analysis is a useful tool in the absence of non-availability of enzyme assay in GA I.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metabolic disease; Novel mutation; Movement disorders
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2015 06:55
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2016 08:25
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/263

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