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Taware, R. and Taunk, K. and Pereira, J.A.M. and Dhakne, R. and Kannan, N. and Soneji, D. and Camara, J.S. and Nagarajaram, H.A. and Srikanth, R. (2017) Investigation of urinary volatomic alterations in head and neck cancer: a non-invasive approach towards diagnosis and prognosis. Metabolomics, 13. p. 111. ISSN 1573-3882

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Abstract

Head and neck cancer (HNC), like many other forms of cancer, is usually detected in advanced stages, causing poor survival outcomes. Lack of specific and sensitive screening markers for early detection of HNC has worsened the scenario for the patients as well as the clinicians. Therefore, identification of efficient, noninvasive and affordable screening marker/methodology with high specificity and sensitivity is imminent need of situation. This study aims to identify and characterize urinary volatomic alterations specific to HNC. Volatomic analysis of urine samples collected from HNC patients (n = 29) and healthy controls (n = 31) was performed using headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Both univariate and multivariate statistical approaches were used to investigate HNC specific volatomic alterations. Statistical analysis revealed a total of 28 metabolites with highest contribution towards discrimination of HNC patients from healthy controls (VIP >1, p < 0.05, Log2 FC ≥0.58/≤−0.57). The discrimination efficiency and accuracy of urinary VOCs was ascertained by ROC curve analysis that allowed the identification of four metabolites viz. 2,6-dimethyl-7-octen-2-ol, 1-butanol, p-xylene and 4-methyl-2-heptanone with highest sensitivity and specificity to discriminate HNC patients from healthy controls. Further, the metabolic pathway analysis identified several dysregulated pathways in HNC patients and their detailed investigations could unravel novel mechanistic insights into the disease pathophysiology.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 10:00
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 11:42
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/288

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