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Khan, N. and Alam, K. and Nair, S. and Valluri, V.L. and Murthy, K.J.R. and Mukhopadhyay, Sangita (2008) Association of Strong Immune Responses to PPE Protein Rv1168c with Active Tuberculosis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 15 (6). pp. 974-980. ISSN 1556-6811

Clin Vaccine Immunol 15 p974.pdf

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Accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) infection is critical for the treatment, prevention, and control of TB. Conventional diagnostic tests based on purified protein derivative (PPD) do not achieve the required diagnostic sensitivity. Therefore, in this study, we have evaluated the immunogenic properties of Rv1168c, a member of the PPE family, in comparison with PPD, which is routinely used in the tuberculin test, and Hsp60 and ESAT-6, well-known immunodominant antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In a conventional enzyme immunoassay, the recombinant Rv1168c protein displayed stronger immunoreactivity against the sera obtained from patients with clinically active TB than did PPD, Hsp60, or ESAT-6 and could distinguish TB patients from Mycobacterium bovis BCG-vaccinated controls. Interestingly, Rv1168c antigen permits diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary TB as well as extrapulmonary TB cases, which are often difficult to diagnose by conventional tests. The immunodominant nature of Rv1168c makes it a promising candidate to use in serodiagnosis of TB. In addition, our studies also show that Rv1168c is a potent T-cell antigen which elicits a strong gamma interferon response in sensitized peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from TB patients.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Users 2 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2015 11:37
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 11:37
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/369

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