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Kumar, S. and Balakrishna, K. and Agarwal, G.S. and Merwyn, S. and Rai, G.P. and Batra, H. V. and Sardesai, A.A. and Gowrishankar, J. (2009) Th1-type immune response to infection by pYV-cured phoP-phoQ null mutant of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is defective in mouse model. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 95 (1). pp. 91-100. ISSN 0003-6072

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The PhoP-PhoQ two-component system of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, a Gram-negative enteric pathogen which causes a variety of gastrointestinal and extraintestinal infections in humans, has been shown to be necessary for virulence. A phoP-phoQ null mutant of a strain of Y. pseudotuberculosis cured of its native plasmid pYV was obtained and studied for generation of immune response in mouse model following intravenous inoculation. The phoP-phoQ null mutant elicited much weaker IgG antibody response to whole cell sonicated (WCS) antigen, in particular that of IgG2a isotype. Interferon-gamma levels were also significantly reduced in cultured splenocytes of mice immunized with phoP-phoQ null mutant. The null mutant was found to be about 72-fold less virulent than the parent isogenic strain of Y. pseudotuberculosis. Average counts in spleen of mice inoculated with the null mutant were observed to reduce by at least four logs when compared with the counts in the spleen of mice inoculated with parent isogenic strain. We can thus suggest that the Th1-type immune response of the phoP-phoQ null mutant of Y. pseudotuberculosis is diminished in mice.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2015 08:41
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2015 08:41
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/384

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