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Kamal, M.Z. and Ali, J. and Rao, N.M. (2013) Binding of bis-ANS to Bacillus subtilis lipase: A combined computational and experimental investigation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, 1834 (8). pp. 1501-1509. ISSN 1570-9639

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8-Anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS) and its covalent dimer bis-ANS are widely used for titrating hydrophobic surfaces of proteins. Interest to understand the nature of interaction of these dyes with proteins was seriously pursued. However as the techniques used in these studies varied, they often provided varied information regarding stoichiometry, binding affinity, actual binding sites etc. In the present study, we used combination of computation methods (docking and MD simulation) and experimental methods (mutations, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence) to investigate bis-ANS interaction with Bacillus subtilis lipase. We identified seven binding sites for bis-ANS on lipase using computational docking and MD simulation and verified these data using a set of single amino acid substituted mutants. Docking and MD simulation studies indicated that the binding sites were various indentations and grooves on protein surface with hydrophobic characteristics. Both hydrophobic and ionic interactions were involved in each of these binding events. We further examine the fluorescence properties of bis-ANS bound to mutant lipases that either gained or lost a binding site. Our results indicated that neither gain nor loss of single binding site caused any change in fluorescence lifetimes (and their relative amplitudes) of mutant lipase-bound bis-ANS in comparison to that bound to wild type; hence, it suggested that nature of bis-ANS binding to each of the sites in lipase was very similar. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 06:21
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2015 06:10
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/503

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