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Rajendra Kumar, P. and Singhal, P.K. and Subba Rao, M.R.K. and Mahalingam, S. (2005) Phosphorylation by MAPK Regulates Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Vpx Protein Nuclear Import and Virus Infectivity. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280 (9). pp. 8553-8563. ISSN 0021-9258

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Transport of the viral genome into the nucleus required phosphorylation of components in the preintegration complex by virion-associated host cellular kinases. In this study, we showed that ERK-2/MAPK is associated with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) virions and regulated the nuclear transport of Vpx and virus replication in non-proliferating target cells by phosphorylating Vpx. Suppression of the virion-associated ERK-2 activity by MAPK pathway inhibitors impaired both Vpx nuclear import and viral infectivity without affecting virus particle maturation and release. In addition, mutation analysis indicated that the inactivation of Vpx phosphorylation precluded nuclear import and reduced virus replication in macrophage cultures, even when functional integrase and Gag matrix proteins implicated in viral preintegration complex nuclear import are present. In this study, we also showed that co-localization of Vpx with Gag precursor in the cytoplasm is a prerequisite for Vpx incorporation into virus particles. Substitution of hydrophobic Leu-74 and Ile-75 with serines in the helical domain abrogated Vpx nuclear import, and its incorporation into virus particles, despite its localization in the cytoplasm, suggested that the structural integrity of helical domains is critical for Vpx functions. Taken together, these studies demonstrated that the host cell MAPK signal transduction pathway regulated an early step in SIV infection

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [Open Access from the Publisher]
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 10:47
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2015 10:49
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/552

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