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Arunkumar, K.P. and Sahu, A.K. and Mohanty, A.R. and Awasthi, A.K. and Pradeep, A.R. and Urs, S.R. and Nagaraju, J. (2012) Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Indian Golden Silkmoth (Antheraea assama). PLoS ONE, 7 (8). e43716. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Indian golden saturniid silkmoth (Antheraea assama), popularly known as muga silkmoth, is a semi-domesticated silk producing insect confined to a narrow habitat range of the northeastern region of India. Owing to the prevailing socio-political problems, the muga silkworm habitats in the northeastern region have not been accessible hampering the phylogeography studies of this rare silkmoth. Recently, we have been successful in our attempt to collect muga cocoon samples, although to a limited extent, from their natural habitats. Out of 87 microsatellite markers developed previously for A. assama, 13 informative markers were employed to genotype 97 individuals from six populations and analyzed their population structure and genetic variation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We observed highly significant genetic diversity in one of the populations (WWS-1, a population derived from West Garo Hills region of Meghalaya state). Further analysis with and without WWS-1 population revealed that dramatic genetic differentiation (global F(ST) = 0.301) was due to high genetic diversity contributed by WWS-1 population. Analysis of the remaining five populations (excluding WWS-1) showed a marked reduction in the number of alleles at all the employed loci. Structure analysis showed the presence of only two clusters: one formed by WWS-1 population and the other included the remaining five populations, inferring that there is no significant genetic diversity within and between these five populations, and suggesting that these five populations are probably derived from a single population. Patterns of recent population bottlenecks were not evident in any of the six populations studied. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A. assama inhabiting the WWS-1 region revealed very high genetic diversity, and was genetically divergent from the five populations studied. The efforts should be continued to identify and study such populations from this region as well as other muga silkworm habitats. The information generated will be very useful in conservation of dwindling muga culture in Northeast India

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2015 17:39
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2015 17:39
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/594

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