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Yaseen, Imtiyaz and Kaur, Prabhjot and Vinay Kumar, N. and Khosla, Sanjeev (2015) Mycobacteria modulate host epigenetic machinery by Rv1988 methylation of a non-tail arginine of histone H3. Nature Communications, 6. p. 8922. ISSN 2041-1723

N Com 6 p8922.pdf

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Mycobacteria are successful pathogens that modulate the host immune response through unclear mechanisms. Here we show that Rv1988, a secreted mycobacterial protein, is a functional methyltransferase that localizes to the host nucleus and interacts with chromatin. Rv1988 methylates histone H3 at H3R42 and represses the genes involved in the first line of defence against mycobacteria. H3R42me2, a non-tail histone modification, is present at the entry and exit point of DNA in the nucleosome and not within the regulatory sites in the N-terminal tail. Rv1988 deletion in Mycobacterium tuberculosis reduces bacterial survival in the host, and experimental expression of M. tuberculosis Rv1988 in non-pathogenic Mycobacterium smegmatis negatively affects the health of infected mice. Thus, Rv1988 is an important mycobacterial virulence factor, which uses a non-canonical epigenetic mechanism to control host cell transcription.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 06:42
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 07:22
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/683

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