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Das Bhowmik, A. and Dalal, Ashwin and Matta, D. and Rukmini, M.K. and Kanikannan, M.A. and Aggarwal, Shagun (2016) Identification of a novel splice site HSPG2 mutation and prenatal diagnosis in Schwartz Jampel Syndrome type 1 using whole exome sequencing. Neuromuscular Disorders, 26 (11). pp. 809-814. ISSN 0960-8966

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Schwartz–Jampel Syndrome type 1 is a rare autosomal recessive musculoskeletal disorder (OMIM #255800) caused by various mutations in the HSPG2 gene encoding protein perlecan, a ubiquitous heparan sulfate proteoglycan, which is an integral component of basement membranes and possesses angiogenic and growth-promoting attributes primarily by acting as a co-receptor for the basic fibroblast growth factors in human body. We report a novel homozygous intronic 5′ splice site mutation in this gene (c.4740 + 5G>A) in a child with clinical features of Schwartz–Jampel syndrome type 1. The mutation was detected by exome sequencing and later confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The mother was found to be heterozygous for the mutation and an ongoing pregnancy found to be unaffected. cDNA analysis revealed skipping of exon 37 of HSPG2 gene in the patient due to the splicing error caused by this mutation. This is likely to result in loss of 38 amino acids from the domain III of the perlecan protein and presumably affects its structure and function as per protein modeling predictions. This report demonstrates the utility of exome sequencing as a routine molecular diagnostic approach of choice for this rare disorder.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2016 03:31
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2016 03:11
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/742

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