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Deborah, D.A. and Vemireddy, L.R. and Roja, V. and Patil, S. and Choudhary, G.P. and Noor, S. and Srividhya, A. and Kaliappan, A. and Sandhya Rani, B. and Satyavathi, V.V. and Anuradha, G. and Radhika, K. and Yamini, K.N. and Gopalakrishna , M.K. and Ranjith Kumar, N. and Siddiq, E.A. and Nagaraju, J. (2017) Molecular dissection of QTL governing grain size traits employing association and linkage mapping in Basmati rice. Molecular Breeding, 37 (6). p. 77. ISSN 1380-3743

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Grain size is one of the key traits that determines the quality of Basmati rice from the consumers’ as well as the traders’ point of view. Though many genes governing grain size have been identified in indica and japonica, little work has been done in Basmati rice. The present study aims at dissection of a QTL region governing grain size traits in Basmati employing association and linkage mapping approaches. Association mapping revealed that three markers, i.e., RM 6024 (grain breadth), RM1237 and RM18582 (grain length-breadth ratio), which cover 889 kb in the targeted QTL region have been significantly associated with grain size traits. Using linkage mapping, the targeted QTL region has been further delimited to a physical distance of 268 kb that comprises 24 annotated genes. The gene expression analysis of parents, revealed 19 genes differentially expressing within the QTL. Of them, 15 genes showed high expression in Basmati370, while four were expressed in Jaya, and whereas five genes did not show any differential expression between parents. Among differentially expressed genes, a highly expressed gene in Basmati370, Os05g0374200 (Cytokinin dehydrogenase 1 precursor) seems to be involved in accumulation of cytokinins, thus affecting the grain size. Therefore, our findings demonstrated that by complimenting association and linkage mapping, it is likely to dissect a QTL governing grain size traits in Basmati rice and also the QTL could be a potential target for marker-assisted breeding and map-based cloning studies.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2017 10:31
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2017 10:31
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/781

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