[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Ghosh, Gairika and Reddy, Jayavardhana and Sambhare, Susmit and Sen, Ranjan (2018) A Bacteriophage Capsid Protein Is an Inhibitor of a Conserved Transcription Terminator of Various Bacterial Pathogens. Journal of Bacteriology, 200 (1). e00380-17. ISSN 0021-9193

[img] Text
J Bact 200 e380.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2446Kb) | Request a copy

Abstract

Rho is a hexameric molecular motor that functions as a conserved transcription terminator in the majority of bacterial species and is a potential drug target. Psu is a bacteriophage P4 capsid protein that inhibits Escherichia coli Rho by obstructing its ATPase and translocase activities. In this study, we explored the anti-Rho activity of Psu for Rho proteins from different pathogens. Sequence alignment and homology modeling of Rho proteins from pathogenic bacteria revealed the conserved nature of the Psu-interacting regions in all these proteins. We chose Rho proteins from various pathogens, including Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Xanthomonas campestris, Xanthomonas oryzae, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella enterica, and Pseudomonas syringae The purified recombinant Rho proteins of these organisms showed variable rates of ATP hydrolysis on poly(rC) as the substrate and were capable of releasing RNA from the E. coli transcription elongation complexes. Psu was capable of inhibiting these two functions of all these Rho proteins. In vivo pulldown assays revealed direct binding of Psu with many of these Rho proteins. In vivo expression of psu induced killing of M. smegmatis, M. bovis, X. campestris, and E. coli expressing S. enterica Rho indicating Psu-induced inhibition of Rho proteins of these strains under physiological conditions. We propose that the "universal" inhibitory function of the Psu protein against the Rho proteins from both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria could be useful for designing peptides with antimicrobial functions and that these peptides could contribute to synergistic antibiotic treatment of the pathogens by compromising the Rho functions.IMPORTANCE Bacteriophage-derived protein factors modulating different bacterial processes could be converted into unique antimicrobial agents. Bacteriophage P4 capsid protein Psu is an inhibitor of the E. coli transcription terminator Rho. Here we show that apart from antagonizing E. coli Rho, Psu is able to inhibit Rho proteins from various phylogenetically unrelated Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogens. Upon binding to these Rho proteins, Psu inhibited them by affecting their ATPase and RNA release functions. The expression of Psu in vivo kills various pathogens, such as Mycobacterium and Xanthomonas species. Hence, Psu could be useful for identifying peptide sequences with anti-Rho activities and might constitute part of synergistic antibiotic treatment against pathogens.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2017 20:31
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2017 06:45
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/820

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item