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Rasheed, M. and Anamika, B. and Kaur, Rupinder (2018) Aspartyl proteases in Candida glabrata are required for suppression of the host innate immune response. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 293 (17). pp. 6410-6433. ISSN 0021-9258

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A family of 11 cell surface-associated aspartyl proteases (CgYps1-11), also referred as yapsins, is a key virulence factor in the pathogenic yeast Candida glabrata. However, the mechanism by which CgYapsins modulate immune response and facilitate survival in the mammalian host, remains to be identified. Here, using RNA-Seq analysis, we report that genes involved in cell wall metabolism are differentially regulated in the Cgyps1-11Δ mutant. Consistently, the mutant contained lower β-glucan and mannan levels and exhibited increased chitin content in the cell wall. As cell wall components are known to regulate the innate immune response, we next determined the macrophage transcriptional response to C. glabrata infection and observed differential expression of genes implicated in inflammation, chemotaxis, ion transport, and the tumor necrosis factor signaling cascade. Importantly, the Cgyps1-11Δ mutant evoked a different immune response resulting in an enhanced release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β in THP-1 macrophages. Further, Cgyps1-11Δ-induced IL-1β production adversely affected intracellular proliferation of co-infected wild-type cells, and was dependent on activation of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) signaling in the host cells. Accordingly, the Syk inhibitor R406 augmented intracellular survival of the Cgyps1-11Δ mutant. Finally, we demonstrate that C. glabrata infection triggers elevated IL-1β production in mouse organs, and that the CgYPS genes are required for organ colonization and dissemination in the murine model of systemic infection. Altogether, our results uncover the basis for macrophage-mediated killing of Cgyps1-11Δ cells, and provide the first evidence that aspartyl proteases in C. glabrata are required for suppression of IL-1β production in macrophages

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2018 10:14
Last Modified: 18 May 2018 05:59
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/839

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