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Pandey, S.S. and Patnana, P.K. and Padhi, Y. and Chatterjee, Subhadeep (2018) Low-iron conditions induces the hypersensitive reaction and pathogenicity hrp genes expression in Xanthomonas and is involved in modulation of hypersensitive response and virulence. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 10 (5). pp. 522-531. ISSN 1758-2229

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Expression of hrp (hypersensitive reaction and pathogenicity) genes inside the host is crucial for virulence of phytopathogenic bacteria. The hrp genes encode components of type3 secretion system (T3SS), HR elicitors and several regulators, which are involved in the co-ordinated expression of hrp genes in the host environment and in hrp inducing chemically defined medium. However, little is known about specific host or environmental factors which may play a role in the induction of hrp gene expression. In this study, we show that iron-limiting condition elicits induced expression of hrp genes, including type3 secretion system (T3SS) and effectors (T3E). Expression analysis using qRT-PCR and promoter probe strains suggest significant induction in the expression of Hrp and T3S-associated genes of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) under low-iron condition, and is suppressed by exogenous supplementation of iron. Furthermore, we show that with exogenous iron supplementation, wild type Xcc exhibited reduced disease symptoms in host-plant, and exhibited significant reduction in HR and callose deposition in the non-host plants. Xanthomonas oryzae and oryzicola pathovars also exhibited the iron affect, albeit to a lesser extend compared to the Xcc. Overall, our results suggest that low-iron condition inside the host may play a crucial role in pathogenicity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hrp; Xanthomonas;Cabbage; Iron;Virulence
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 08:34
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 09:38
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/844

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