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Cavaco, C. and Pereira, J.A.M. and Taunk, K. and Taware, R. and Rapole, S. and Nagarajaram, H.A. and Câmara, J.S. (2018) Screening of salivary volatiles for putative breast cancer discrimination: an exploratory study involving geographically distant populations. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 410 (18). pp. 4459-4468. ISSN 1618-2642

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Saliva is possibly the easiest biofluid to analyse and, despite its simple composition, contains relevant metabolic information. In this work, we explored the potential of the volatile composition of saliva samples as biosignatures for breast cancer (BC) non-invasive diagnosis. To achieve this, 106 saliva samples of BC patients and controls in two distinct geographic regions in Portugal and India were extracted and analysed using optimised headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS, 2 mL acidified saliva containing 10% NaCl, stirred (800 rpm) for 45 min at 38 °C and using the CAR/PDMS SPME fibre) followed by multivariate statistical analysis (MVSA). Over 120 volatiles from distinct chemical classes, with significant variations among the groups, were identified. MVSA retrieved a limited number of volatiles, viz. 3-methyl-pentanoic acid, 4-methyl-pentanoic acid, phenol and p-tert-butyl-phenol (Portuguese samples) and acetic, propanoic, benzoic acids, 1,2-decanediol, 2-decanone, and decanal (Indian samples), statistically relevant for the discrimination of BC patients in the populations analysed. This work defines an experimental layout, HS-SPME/GC-MS followed by MVSA, suitable to characterise volatile fingerprints for saliva as putative biosignatures for BC non-invasive diagnosis. Here, it was applied to BC samples from geographically distant populations and good disease separation was obtained. Further studies using larger cohorts are therefore very pertinent to challenge and strengthen this proof-of-concept study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breast Cancer Diagnostics
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 20 May 2018 18:24
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2018 17:20
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/847

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