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Ghosh, D.K. and Ranjan, Akash (2019) An IRES-dependent translation of HYPK mRNA generates a truncated isoform of the protein that lacks the nuclear localization and functional ability. RNA Biology, 16 (11). pp. 1604-1621. ISSN 1547-6286

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Different mechanisms of translation initiation process exist to start the protein synthesis from various viral and eukaryotic mRNA. The cap-independent and tertiary structure directed translation initiation of mRNAs forms the basis of internal ribosome entry site (IRES) mediated translation initiation that helps in cellular protein production in different conditions. HYPK protein sequesters different aggregation-prone proteins to help in the cellular proteostasis. HYPK mRNA is differentially translated from an internal start/initiation codon to generate an amino terminal-truncated isoform (HSPC136) of HYPK protein. In this study, we report that an IRES-dependent translation initiation of HYPK mRNA results in the formation of the HSPC136/HYPK-ΔN isoform of HYPK protein. The IRES-driven translation product, HYPK-ΔN, lacks the N-terminal tri-arginine motif that acts as the nuclear localization signal (NLS) in the full-length HYPK protein. While the full-length HYPK protein translocates to the nucleus and prevents the aggregation of the mutant p53 (p53-R248Q) protein, the HYPK-ΔN lacks this activity. The NLS of HYPK is not evolutionarily conserved and its exclusive presence in the HYPK of higher eukaryotic animals imparts additional advantage to the HYPK protein in tackling the cytosolic as well as nuclear protein aggregates. The presence of the NLS in full-length HYPK also allows this protein to modulate the cell cycle. These results provide a mechanistic detail of HYPK mRNA's translation initiation control by an IRES that dictates the formation of HYPC136/HYPK-ΔN which lacks the nuclear localization and functional ability.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Computational Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2019 12:47
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 08:52
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/913

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