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Qamra, R. and Taneja, B. and Mande, S.C. (2002) Identification of conserved residue patterns in small beta-barrel proteins. Protein Engineering, 15 (12). pp. 967-77. ISSN 0269-2139

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Our abilities to predict three-dimensional conformation of a polypeptide, given its amino acid sequence, remain limited despite advances in structure analysis. Analysis of structures and sequences of protein families with similar secondary structural elements, but varying topologies, might help in addressing this problem. We have studied the small beta-barrel class of proteins characterized by four strands (n = 4) and a shear number of 8 (S = 8) to understand the principles of barrel formation. Multiple alignments of the various protein sequences were generated for the analysis. Positional entropy, as a measure of residue conservation, indicated conservation of non-polar residues at the core positions. The presence of a type II beta-turn among the various barrel proteins considered was another strikingly invariant feature. A conserved glycyl-aspartyl dipeptide at the beta-turn appeared to be important in guiding the protein sequence into the barrel fold. Molecular dynamics simulations of the type II beta-turn peptide suggested that aspartate is a key residue in the folding of the protein sequence into the barrel. Our study suggests that the conserved type II beta-turn and the non-polar residues in the barrel core are crucial for the folding of the protein's primary sequence into the beta-barrel conformation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2015 06:10
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 06:10
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/128

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