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Swarna Gowri, Thota and Unnikannan, C.P. and Sitalakshmi, R.T. and Manorama, R. and Bhandari, Rashna (2015) Inositol pyrophosphates regulate RNA polymerase I-mediated rRNA transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemical Journal, 466 (1). pp. 105-14. ISSN 1470-8728

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Abstract

Ribosome biogenesis is an essential cellular process regulated by the metabolic state of a cell. We examined whether inositol pyrophosphates, energy-rich derivatives of inositol that act as metabolic messengers, play a role in ribosome synthesis in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast strains lacking the inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) kinase Kcs1, which is required for the synthesis of inositol pyrophosphates, display increased sensitivity to translation inhibitors and decreased protein synthesis. These phenotypes are reversed on expression of enzymatically active Kcs1, but not on expression of the inactive form. The kcs1Δ yeast cells exhibit reduced levels of ribosome subunits, suggesting that they are defective in ribosome biogenesis. The rate of rRNA synthesis, the first step of ribosome biogenesis, is decreased in kcs1Δ yeast strains, suggesting that RNA polymerase I (Pol I) activity may be reduced in these cells. We determined that the Pol I subunits, A190, A43 and A34.5, can accept a β-phosphate moiety from inositol pyrophosphates to undergo serine pyrophosphorylation. Although there is impaired rRNA synthesis in kcs1Δ yeast cells, we did not find any defect in recruitment of Pol I on rDNA, but observed that the rate of transcription elongation was compromised. Taken together, our findings highlight inositol pyrophosphates as novel regulators of rRNA transcription.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate; inositol hexakisphosphate kinase; Kcs1; pyrophosphorylation
Subjects: Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 14 May 2015 18:41
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 19:18
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/18

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