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Singh, S. and Kumar, P.U. and Thakur, S. and Shashi Kiran, and Sen, B. and Sharma, S. and Rao, V.V. and Poongothai , A.R. and Ramakrishna, Gayatri (2015) Expression/localization patterns of sirtuins (SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT7) during progression of cervical cancer and effects of sirtuin inhibitors on growth of cervical cancer cells. Tumor Biology, 36 (8). pp. 6159-6171. ISSN 1010-4283

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Sirtuins belong to the family of class III histone deacetylases; its role in neoplasia is controversial as both tumor-suppressive and promoting functions have been reported. There are very few reports available, where expressions of sirtuin isoforms are comprehensively analyzed during neoplasia. Therefore, in the present study, the expression of SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT7 during different stages of cervical cancer progression was analyzed. The normal cervical epithelium showed feeble expression of sirtuin isoforms, SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT7. A significant increase in SIRT1 expression was noted in the cytoplasm as well as in the nucleus of proliferative layers of cervical epithelium in squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL); however, in the squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), a heterogeneous pattern of SIRT1 expression varying from low to high was noted. A progressive increase in the expression of both SIRT2 and SIRT7 was noted during cancer progression in the following order: normal < preneoplasia < cancer. Cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa and SiHa, showed higher levels of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in comparison to the immortalized cell counterpart, HaCaT. Specific inhibitors of SIRT1 (Ex527) and SIRT2 (AGK2) impaired the growth of the cervical cancer cells, SiHa, but not of the HaCaT cells. SIRT1 inhibition caused cell death, while SIRT2 inhibition resulted in cell cycle arrest. In conclusion, we report the overexpression of SIRT2 and SIRT7 proteins in cervical cancer and suggest probable application of sirtuin inhibitors as therapeutic targets. Further, a specific increase in the levels of SIRT1 in intraepithelial lesion makes it a promising candidate for identification of preneoplastic changes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Genetics
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 16 May 2015 18:04
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 10:40
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/33

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