[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Basu, A. and Dasari, V. and Mishra, R.K. and Khosla, Sanjeev (2014) The CpG island encompassing the promoter and first exon of human DNMT3L gene is a PcG/TrX response element (PRE). PloS one, 9. e93561. ISSN 1932-6203

[img]
Preview
Text
PLoS One 9 e93561 2014 April 17.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2452Kb) | Preview

Abstract

DNMT3L, a member of DNA methyltransferases family, is present only in mammals. As it provides specificity to the action of de novo methyltransferases, DNMT3A and DNMT3B and interacts with histone H3, DNMT3L has been invoked as the molecule that can read the histone code and translate it into DNA methylation. It plays an important role in the initiation of genomic imprints during gametogenesis and in nuclear reprogramming. With important functions attributed to it, it is imperative that the DNMT3L expression is tightly controlled. Previously, we had identified a CpG island within the human DNMT3L promoter and first exon that showed loss of DNA methylation in cancer samples. Here we show that this Differentially Methylated CpG island within DNMT3L (DNMT3L DMC) acts to repress transcription, is a Polycomb/Trithorax Response Element (PRE) and interacts with both PRC1 and PRC2 Polycomb repressive complexes. In addition, it adopts inactive chromatin conformation and is associated with other inactive chromatin-specific proteins like SUV39H1 and HP1. The presence of DNMT3L DMC also influences the adjacent promoter to adopt repressive histone post-translational modifications. Due to its association with multiple layers of repressive epigenetic modifications, we believe that PRE within the DNMT3L DMC is responsible for the tight regulation of DNMT3L expression and the aberrant epigenetic modifications of this region leading to DNMT3L overexpression could be the reason of nuclear programming during carcinogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Genetics
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr P Divakar
Date Deposited: 18 May 2015 11:28
Last Modified: 18 May 2015 11:40
URI: http://cdfd.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/53

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item